Behind Trese. Babaylans in Pre Colonial Phillipines were hunted down.

Note: This post is under review

The 16th-century Spanish conquest of the Philippines met resistance and revolts by the natives. The revolt may have stemmed from several causes, the need for independence, the abuse Filipinos faced by the Spanish encomenderos, the gruelling labour imposed on the natives, the enclosing of land by the friars, monopoly on commodities like wine, including different religious ideologies.

About 100 revolts by the Filipinos against the colonisers are recorded. But most rely on the written accounts of the colonisers.

The Tamblot uprising 1621-1622

Tamblot is a native priest who convinced the people of Bohol to follow the religion of their ancestors. He reassured the people that the deities would help them in their revolt against the Spaniards.
According to historical accounts, the people of Tamblot’s revolt burned down churches and attacked the Spaniards. But in the new year of 1622, their revolt was bought to an end by the government forces.

The Bankaw/Bancao revolt 1622

Bankaw or Bancao, a chief of Limasawa, convinced the Limasawa and Leyte people to return to the faith of their ancestors, and he received assistance from Pagali, a native priest. Although the chief had converted to Catholicism initially, he contemplated his spirituality and left the religion he was converted to after 50 years of being Catholic. Initially, King Phillip II expressed his appreciation for Bancao’s hospitality towards Miguel Lopez de Legazpi and Legazpi’s people. Bancao also received a gift for his forefather’s hospitality to Ferdinand Magellan.

The Tapar/Panay Revolt 1663

Tapar is the name of a native who wanted to create a cult in Panay, Oton. The revolt ended in terror, where stakes had impaled bodies.

Sources:

Guillergan, S. ()Early Resistance Against Spain. Retrieved from: https://www.academia.edu/43401998/Early_Resistance_against_Spain

https://en-academic.com/dic.nsf/enwiki/4208571

https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1592/the-revolt-of-babaylan-tamblot-that-incited-the-uprising-of-bancao-in-leyte

https://discover.hubpages.com/religion-philosophy/Babaylan-The-Ancient-Witches-of-Tribal-Philippines

https://datupress.com/2018/01/05/the-mystical-babaylan-featured/

https://aboutphilippines.org/files/The-babaylan-lives-in-her-story.pdf

https://minds.wisconsin.edu/bitstream/handle/1793/66613/Fitzpatrick_Thesis.pdf?sequence=1

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